Constellation obviously has its benefits to the students, and effects what we chose to study and become interested in. I think the dissertation proposal had more influences on me then the lectures i attended this is was mainly because with the first come style that we sign up for lectures it does mean that we don’t get to attend the lectures we truly want to go to. In the Art and Science lectures; even though interesting were not exactly suited towards me. And found little that i was able to use from these lectures into my subject or my dissertation.

By doing the dissertation proposal though it got me back to my roots of a designer, able to write about any topic and research anything. it allows me to go into any topic, and be able to truly create and write about something that i love. Through the research that i completed for my dissertation proposal so far i have found an area that i do truly love and want to remain in. It has also influenced me into designing a product for my final major project for this year. By focusing on the hands and how they work and then break down for my dissertation i have chosen to focus my final project for this year on a similar topic. Taking people who suffer from arthritis and other deteriorative disease that are similar to arthritis, which cause lots of pain and problems when completing everyday tasks. For my project i have chosen to redesign a pill pot for this target market, that is ergonomically and effect in allowing the target market not to interfere with there pain regiment. This product is very important for this target market as hands that suffer from arthritis are unable to perform certain positions due to pain and joint swelling and bone spurs. And i was only inspired to do this project through doing the research for my dissertation. showing that through doing my dissertation proposal it influenced me in my subject and what i want to do for my projects, which will continue to help me through my 3rd year when i begin to assign my own projects.


Mind your own Business: Final Reflection

This project was a very interesting project, it gave all the basic knowledge of designing items for the market, and going through the product design methods to design, create, manufacture and sell a product. By having this project being run as a an actual micro business, we were able to learn more about business experience and create products for the market, because if the project had been run in a hypothetical manor we wouldn’t of got the knowledge that we gained from actually having the sales event, and to see how people react to the products we created and how long it actually takes to create something as simple as a card.

From an early age i have always wanted to run my own business, and this project gave me an incite into how difficult it might be, or how some of our guest lectures told us that it was one of the best things they’d ever done, leaving big companies to be able to do what they actually want to design. This project was a very useful project to take part in because it showed how to go through ideas in a group, to be able to come up with an idea for a product, working through ideas that will work for a certain target market (ie students and teachers), then be able to work as a group to create these items, using each of our main skills to help create products we decided on. This project was great for me as a product designer as it helped me to develop a better understanding of the product design method, and to think about what product might actually be in demand to certain target markets, and that surveying is a very important part of the process to be able to come up with a product that is designed and produced in a way that the buyer will want to buy and use, as well as efficient and functional.

This project I wouldn’t say it completely failed as we did get the 100 seed money back, and a profit of 87, but because we sold then less then 50% of the products, it shows that the products we made (even though well thought out and made) were not in large demand for the market that we were selling for. We tried to go for a comical sarcastic side of valentines days and holidays, it wasn’t appreciated by all the people that walked past the stall, most people laughed but didn’t buy, which became very annoying as it meant that we had created a product that people wanted to buy but couldn’t or didn’t want to. Either because they didn’t have the money, or a person to buy a card for, or because they weren’t exactly appropriate for a aunts birthday.

I will be able to use the things that i learnt in this project when i do projects back in product design to help make products that will function and be effective products, that the target market will want to buy and have in there home.

Dissertation proposal


For my dissertation I knew that i wanted to do something with inclusive design, for the elderly or disabled. Something along the lines of redesign items for them, like wheelchairs or grabbers or something that has been designed to help the elderly and disabled population that doesn’t actually function the way they need or want it to function. After doing a very basic search and finding some journal articles about disabled design and ergonomic design, and agreeing with what was said in the articles, I was sure that i would be able to write my dissertation on this topic.

I decided to do a dissertation based on theories and ideas with an artefact to back it up, by doing an theory based  paper it allows me to be able to do lots of research on each topic that i will need to know about but i won’t have to know all the tiny details, ie if i was to do my paper on electronic prosthetics then i could know the basic principles of how electronic prosthetics work and base my ideas for my artefact off that, instead of knowing what exact speed and range of motion each operating piece has in it. 

I began thinking about what i should do for my artefact; either to design a new wheelchair (with the basis of inclusive design, and making it aesthetically pleasing to the user) or to design a grip for cutlery (as being able to feed yourself is a fundamental thing in everyday life, a basic need to survive). I decided to go with the grip, as i did a project a few years ago on the subject, and had a good basic understanding of the topic, which is better than knowing nothing at all. 

i have always been interested in designing for the elderly or disabled, firstly I suffered a crushing hand trauma when i was 3, has led to me having mass physiotherapy, splints, problems doing things in daily life, like holding a tennis racket, hand writing, and holding a spoon when stirring cake mix. Also my grandfather suffered from an early age, where he lost the ability to be able to walk, and had sever arthritis in his hands and most of his joints, meaning that most daily tasks he was unable to do for himself, like getting dressed, holding a cup of tea, or even a pen became an incredibly difficult task for him to do. which lead to my grandma and the rest of the family to take care of him, making his meals, helping him in and out of his chair and anything else he might need. Not only was it my family members and my own experiences that influenced me in my interest but also the fact that I grew up all over the world, I aw people in poverty, disease and disabled states. One of the biggest influences was visiting an orphanage in Thailand that was completely full with all aged children that had been left in the street purely because they were suffering from cerebral palsy, and their parents didn’t want to take care of them. Not only did this have an effect on the reasons for why I want to design for the disabled, but it also has a massive effect emotionally, it’s an incredibility difficult site to see a building filled of cots and cribs with children under 12 all suffering from sever cerebral palsy, unable to talk, fed themselves or even support their own heads, meaning that they are completely reliable on the support of others.

I think it’s important to recognize that there is more than just the able bodied population that requires people to design for them, it’s not just about designing pretty things for people, or designing items that make the relatively simple things in life even simpler. But it is about designing products that will help the elderly, disabled, mentally disabled or disease population. There is a massive need for design which is based on social needs and the special needs of these populations that become somewhat over looked. Even though there are of course designers designing products for this population for example; wheelchairs, grabbers, prosthetics, stair lifts, crutches, walking sticks or frame, magnifying lights, and big button telephones. These products don’t always work how the user would like them to, and they defiantly look like they were only made for manufacturing purposes, without thinking of what the social needs of the user might be, based on how they want the product to function. 

In one of the journals i read it talked about the need for a new way of product design, a social design method, because wheelchairs are designed for the manufacturing process and not for the people who will use, designers tend to take a few things that are requested for the design of a wheelchair; light weight, folds up easily, electronic, designers have used these simple requests to design all wheelchairs. Based on this paper they talk about how users of wheelchairs want to have something more personal, something that doesn’t make the user look even more disabled then they need to, this reminded me of a picture that i found several months ago on Pinterest. Below is the image, several different images of different people with very personalized prosthetics, when i see images like this its makes me wonder why no product designer has spent a legitimate amount of time thinking about designing things for the disabled or elderly population, and why we don’t think about designing pretty products for this population and just purely think about designing for manufacture processes and functional, and most of the time these product are not as effective as the designer believes them to be.


Which is why when i come to design and discuss the design of the artefact I will be making, I will be taking into account the social design aspects, to create a product that will allow the user to feel comfortable when using the product in any situation (whether there at home or at a restaurant) so that the user doesn’t feel hindered by having to use a product, that will show that they have a disability. Also I well be taking first hand accounts of issues that the disabled or elderly population actually have when using regular utensils. This will allow me to create a grip that will be effective and functional in all the ways that people will need when using this product.

2nd Year Final Major Project

Using the same brief as the facebook project; taking an object and adding the internet to make it function better.


i’ve chosen to redesign a prescription pill pot, so that people suffering from arthritis will be able to open it easily without having to force their hands and fingers into positions that they are unable to do any more from the slewing in there joints. Also i will be adding an internet feature, to allow the pill pot to notify the pharmacy of when a prescription will need to be refilled ( based on the weight left in the pill pot), and possible alarm system to allow the pill pot to remind the person to take there medication, either with a vibrating modification or being able to program it to call the house phone as most of the elderly population will not use a mobile phone.


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  • Arthiritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis (most common according to arthritis foundation)


  • Arthritis can effect any joint in the body
  • Osteoarthritis typically affects people older than 40 (American college of rheumatology)
  • Affects both men and women equally
  • 3 joints it affects; 1st carpometacarpal joint (joint of the thumb), the distal interphalangeal joint (synovial hinge joint; tip of the finger), proximal interphalangeal joint (middle of the finger synovial hinge joint)
  • Arthritis describes a condition in which this protective covering and fluid-filled sac degenerate, allowing bones to rub together.
  • The symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain, stiffness and swelling at the joints of the fingers or base of the thumb. A bump may even appear at the affected site.
  • A person suffering from arthritis of the hands may have trouble pinching or gripping items. Other activities, such as knitting, turning a key or typing, may be impaired.
  • There is no cure for arthritis, but there are treatments to reduce the symptoms and improve mobility
  • Osteoarthritis; When this happens, the bones rub directly against other bones. This causes structural changes that can be seen on X-rays. Bone deposits orbone spurs known as osteophytes may develop on the edges of the joints.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control, 27 million American adults have osteoarthritis.



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Facebook Project

The brief was to take an everyday object and connecting it to the internet  (facebook) as a hypothetical way of connecting the object to the internet.

for this project it was run slightly differently to how usual project are run that was based mostly on the exchange students, as 30 of our students went to either Holland or Belgium and we got some of there students to make up the groups. there was 6 people in each group 2 from Cardiff 2 from Holland and 2 from Belgium. This lead to a few extra problems then we usually have to deal with when we usually do a group project, these were usually to do with language barriers, or with the difference of how they tend to run group projects. which made communication and agreeing on an object and design very difficult.

We first started by making mind maps of household items and mundane tasks that we hate doing but have to do, like brushing our teeth or hoovering. We then each choose a room or an item that goes in that room to come up with ideas, once we came up with a few ideas we then shared and chose 2. The first was a fridge which scanned food, to either help you with what was going off or becoming empty or to help you with choosing something to eat for dinner. The second was a doorbell which would send a message to your phone when someone rung it, with a camera in it to allow you to see the person who is outside your door. We chose to go with the doorbell.

we developed different designs for the doorbell, and how the doorbell would work. to make it easier to install and cheaper, we chose to make it a wireless doorbell, that can simply be screwed into the wall and run off battery power. To make the doorbell more efficient we chose to make a hub to go into the house to allow the hub to do most of the work, the hub would allow for the doorbell to remain in a sleeping function with only the sensor to be on at all times so that when someone gets within a meter of the door the rest of the doorbell would activate, this will allow battery power to be saved and make the battery pack last longer then if all the functions were solely in the doorbell.

the knock knock app; allows the doorbell to send a photo of the person who is ringing the doorbell to your phone, it comes ups on your phone like a phone call. with three buttons, an ignore, open the door and speak. the app allows you to open the door even when your not at home whether your just down the road or hours away.